07 Dec Lifestyle-Oriented NonPharmacological Treatments or Fibromyalgia: A Clinical Overview And Applications With Home-based Technologies
Fibromyalgia is a debilitating and persistent disorder associated with widespread, chronic pain without a well established root cause. The symptoms of pain are often accompanied by chronic fatigue, clinical depression, cognitive problems, stress and headaches. Since there is no single treatment protocol or drug that can help alleviate the symptoms of fibromyalgia, relief from this disorder rests in the adoption of lifestyle-oriented changes and non-pharmacological treatments of the mind and body which alters the perception of pain and decreases the chances of worsening the symptoms of the disorder. Lifestyle oriented modifications to treat fibromyalgia include exercising (aerobics or other forms of physical exercise), cognitive behaviour therapy, diet modifications and activity changes. Pain management units like the orange county pain management clinic, helps patients of fibromyalgia undergo such lifestyle oriented non-pharmacological treatments.
Since fibromyalgia is a complicated disorder affecting wide areas in the body, it will be difficult for a single physician to treat this disorder. A multidisciplinary team is thus needed to attend to the various complaints of a patient of fibromyalgia. Since the physical basis of fibromyalgia is yet not evident, the best non-pharmacological therapy focuses on changing the attitude of the patient towards his/her condition.
- Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT): Often chronic pain leads to a depressed state of mind. The inability to socialize freely, move and work with freedom, loneliness associated with staying alone indoors and other such factors might end up in weakening the patient’s mental state. Depression further complicates a case of fibromyalgia and worsens the symptoms of pain and the vicious cycle continues. CBT is administered to the patients of fibromyalgia under such circumstances. The cognitive part of the therapy aims to examine the thinking process of the patient’s brain where attempts are made to change the perception of pain and response to pain to make the patient more capable and tolerant of pain. The behavioural part of CBT focusses on operant and classical conditioning and social learning theory to allow patients of fibromyalgia to better adapt themselves to living with pain. Psychologists and psychiatrists play an important role in administering CBT and try to modify the patient’s thinking and behaviour in a manner that will, to a certain extent, alleviate the patient’s condition.
- Patient Education: It is very important for a patient of fibromyalgia to be well aware of one’s own condition and the means and ways to handle that. Health professionals can conduct individual/group sessions to help patients learn about the symptoms, course of illness, potential causes, associated psychological factors, recent trends in medicine and advent of any new hope, self management and non-pharmacological treatment modules.
- Physical exercise: There is data that shows that aerobics and mixed exercise schedules have a positive impact on improving the health and mental state of fibromyalgia patients. Patients must only follow exercise regimes that are approved by reputable pain management specialists.If you are living in Orange County then we’ll recommend you to visit the nearest pain management specialists from Orange County .
Non-pharmacological lifestyle oriented alterations greatly helps the patients of fibromyalgia to improve their quality of life without resorting to intake of heavy dose pain and other medications with possible adverse side effects. The non-pharmacological lifestyle changes are the safest way to achieve long term improvement of the symptoms of the debilitating disease.